jason nano and using jason_clocks for the fan


As was mentioned in the last post, the fan is turned on via the jetson_clocks utility that’s part of the initial Ubuntu 18.04 installation. This capability is provided so that heat from the board can be quickly dumped when running it and the GPU under load.

What is jetson_clocks, you ask? Let’s do a quick rundown.

nvidia@jnano-01:~$ file `which jetson_clocks`
/usr/bin/jetson_clocks: Bourne-Again shell script, ASCII text executable
nvidia@jnano-01:~$ jetson_clocks
Error: Run this script(/usr/bin/jetson_clocks) as a root user
nvidia@jnano-01:~$ sudo jetson_clocks --help
Maximize jetson performance by setting static max frequency to CPU, GPU and EMC clocks.
Usage:
jetson_clocks.sh [options]
  options,
  --show             display current settings
  --store [file]     store current settings to a file (default: ${HOME}/l4t_dfs.conf)
  --restore [file]   restore saved settings from a file (default: ${HOME}/l4t_dfs.conf)
  run jetson_clocks.sh without any option to set static max frequency to CPU, GPU and EMC clocks.
nvidia@jnano-01:~$ 

Not much to the script operationally, and in order to use it, even for help, you need to preface it with sudo. That can get quite annoying if you accept how this Ubuntu’s /etc/sudoers file is set up, so here’s how to fix this Ubuntu from asking for your password every time you invoke sudo. On the %sudo line, add NOPASSWD: to the line as shown:

# Allow members of group sudo to execute any command
%sudo	ALL=(ALL:ALL) NOPASSWD:ALL

If you’re new to Linux or uncomfortable in general with messing with such configurations, then leave it alone. I have fat-fingered NOPASSWD in the past and screwed up my ability to invoke sudo, which can be quite annoying if you don’t have root access.

With that out of the way, you’ll note that there’s four ways to invoke jetson_clocks. The most common way is without any command-line switches. That turns on the fan at full RPM, and will generate the most noise. Yes, the fan is very quiet, but in a quiet room you can still hear the white noise of the spinning fan. You can turn down the RPM by invoking –store and then –restore.

If you store with no other arguments then the text output is stored in ~/l4t_dfs.conf. That’s the good news. The bad news is that you had to use sudo to get that file, and the ownership is root. To change that to your regular ownership (nvidia in this example) you would need to invoke ‘sudo chown nivdia:nvidia l4t_dfs.conf’. I used the username nvidia in this example because that’s how I set up the initial account. You can call your initial login account ‘george’ or ‘ringo’ or whatever fits best for you. It’s that local username (and by the way, the group name as well) that you want to change ownership of that file to. Once it’s changed, open it up in an editor. I use vi/vim, but gedit is also provided. Whatever editor you want to use, open it up:

/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/online:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/online:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/online:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/online:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq:1428000
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq:1428000
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq:1428000
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpufreq/scaling_min_freq:1428000
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpuidle/state0/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu0/cpuidle/state1/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpuidle/state0/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu1/cpuidle/state1/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpuidle/state0/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu2/cpuidle/state1/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpuidle/state0/disable:1
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu3/cpuidle/state1/disable:1
/sys/devices/57000000.gpu/devfreq/57000000.gpu/min_freq:921600000
/sys/devices/57000000.gpu/railgate_enable:0
/sys/kernel/debug/clk/override.emc/clk_state:1
/sys/devices/pwm-fan/target_pwm:128
/sys/devices/pwm-fan/temp_control:0

At the bottom of the file, on the line with target_pwn, the default is 255 when you save it. To change it to a more reasonable value, such as 128, simply do that and save it back out. Then execute ‘sudo jetson_clocks –restore’ and it will use that file to set the fan RPM to the lower value, which in this case is 1/2 what the maximum is. The fan will slowly slow down to the new value, and it will get very, very quiet.

Once again, note that restarting the Nano will stop the fan from spinning. You have to explicitly restart the fan.

jetson nano and the fan

Noctua fan mounted to the heat sink via thin cable ties.

As I wrote in the last post, the Noctua fan was just sitting on top of the GPU’s heat sink. I’ve attached it more permanently to the heat sink with four self-locking nylon miniature cable ties from NET Electronics, Inc, Part number 04-08189. I routed the fan’s power cable such that it is now held tight to the fan itself, to keep it from being accidentally hooked and knocking the whole Nano assembly around. I am, if anything, clumsy.

Note that the fan does not start automatically. As I documented in the last post, you turn the fan off by executing ‘sudo jetson_clocks’ in a console window.

So far the fan has kept the processors nicely cool. Here’s a screen shot of jtop running in a window.

jtop running on the Nano on the Ubuntu 18 desktop

The output is a bit cryptic, but down towards the middle find the CPU and GPU temperatures and note they’re sitting around the mid-20s (Centigrade). I’m not sure what A0 stands for, and I know that PMIC doesn’t have a thermal sensor, so the software is constantly interpreting its temperature as a red 100°C. There’s not much going on at this time, so not much computational workload. I can say that before the fan was even placed on the heat sink, all those temperatures were sitting a good 5- to 10°C higher, especially A0.

One other odd observation. I’ve seen two how-tos about adding this fan to the Nano, and in both instances the fan was mounted so it was blowing air down onto the heat sink. I mounted it so that it pulls air up through the heat sink, which is the way I used to mount fans in big Intel boxen. I believe my mounting direction is better. They also used long screws, and one how-to even went so far as to thread the four holes in the heat sink and using M3 machine screws to mount the fan. I didn’t have any machine screws, but I had all those thin cable ties. Those cable ties work just fine.